Multimedia learning Systems
Nowadays, traditional teaching methods are not enough to teach efficiently. The continuous inventions and evolutions in all information technology fields open new channels and opportunities to enhance teaching and educational methods. Multimedia means the use of computers to present text, graphics, video, animation, and sound in a concerted way. Multimedia refers to computer-mediated information that is presented concurrently in more than one medium. It consists not necessarily all of the following elements, such as text; still graphic images; motion graphics; animations; hypermedia; photographs; video; and audio, i.e., sounds, music, and narration (Sawsan, Izzat, Mohammed Al-Kabi & Fatima, 2012). Multimedia can support multiple representations of the same piece of information in a variety of formats.
Multimedia courseware is the use of different communications mediums within a single computer program to present information. It has contributed a lot to higher teaching and learning in English language. Multimedia courseware is one of the solutions in dealing with students differences in learning styles and knowledge background since it integrates media elements that can engage human information retrieval methods which are visual, auditory, reading and kinaesthetic (Syazwan, Wan Fatimah & Yew, 2011).
Multimedia learning systems offer a potentially venue for improving student understanding about language. Originally multimedia was used for computer games. But now, multimedia has been extended into dozens of different applications including the field of computer-aided language learning (Yadav, 2006). The benefits of incorporating multimedia elements into a computer program include the ability to better explain concepts and support the learning experience with the use of senses other than just sight. Learners can create more cognitive paths allowing quicker retrieval of information. Hence, teachers should fully utilize the modern education technology so that the student can acquire effectively.
Keywords: Multimedia courseware, English language, teaching and learning
The development of multimedia technology has changed the way people learn, obtain various information as well as in interpreting information. By using the Internet, students have access to information from various resources quickly and easily. The use of information technology has also influenced the educational system in Malaysia (Azidah & Muhammad Faizal, 2013). The exposure to the Internet has brought significant challenges to the English teaching and learning. English language is an important medium of communication and has been accepted as the official language all around the world. Computers can enrich teaching techniques and provide the capability to control and manage a lot of teaching materials. Traditional learning patterns mostly utilize face to face methods to deliver educational materials during the use of classrooms to students. The ability to use computers to interact with students allows teachers to apply it in teaching and learning process to enable easier and attractive classroom teaching. Technology also helps to stimulate students senses, especially the audio and visual sense in which the effect is higher in the senses of learning compare to others.
Computer-assisted instruction such as multimedia or interactive software programs provides information in sequential modes to increase students' knowledge. Therefore, multimedia supports the transferring of knowledge sufficiently and offers good environments for students to avoid feeling bored in the classroom. The most significant impact of multimedia is the ability to transform tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge so that it is easier to transfer (Omar, Daw & Qais, 2013). Students are satisfied with multimedia and it increases their motivation whereas participation allows them to maintain the process of learning for a long period of time compared with traditional classroom methods.
II. THE NECESSITY FOR USING MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGY
Based on analysis done by Shyamlee & Phil. (2012), there are seven necessity of apply multimedia technology to teaching. This include to cultivate students' interest in study, to promote students' communication capacity, to widen students' knowledge to gain an insightful understanding to western culture, to improve teaching effect, to improve interaction between teacher and student, to creates a context for language teaching and to provide flexibility for course content. Gilakjani (2012) also agrees that the potential pedagogical value and rationale for using classroom media are to raise interest level, to enhance understanding and to increase memorability.
Besides that, according to AiniArifah & Norizan (2008), students respond to information differently. Thus, teacher can take this advantage by using many different formats and modes to teach, such as combination of lecture, text and hands-on laboratory to convey information. With advance of information evolutions, students are familiar with cell phones, laptops with wireless internet and may be some other high tech gadgets. Student may feel boring and uninteresting to present to them the course material on a board or direct rehearsal. The educational system may need to...