The psychology

Multimedia Design Principles


Fig1Dual Channel Theory for Multimedia Learning

Based on this dual-channel theory, Mayer developed some key principles in designing multimedia materials. The key is to minimize cognitive load, or the burden on one’s working memory during instruction. Some examples from the highlighted article include:

  • Make the message stick: Simplify using images. Get the message across by making the header a sentence rather than a phrase. Avoid bullet points.
  • Signaling principle.Fig2 Highlight only the essential material.
  • Coherence principle. Avoid distractors and eliminate unnecessary words, pictures, and sounds.

STUDY

In a prospective study this month from Medical Education, traditional Powerpoint slides were compared to modified Powerpoint slides in a lecture on Shock. The content remained the same. The modified Powerpoint slides implemented Mayer’s multimedia design principles. Many other principles are nicely summarized at Design eLearning blog. A convenience sample of Surgery clerkship third-year medical students were enrolled (n=39 traditional, n=91 modified).

Fig3Based on a pre-test/post-test design, the authors found that the students were able to recall facts better (eg. “Define shock.”) using the “modified” Powerpoint slides. Interestingly, the “modified slides” students did not perform any better than the control group in their ability to transfer their knowledge in written clinical vignettes.

This was a great study. I hope they pursue this line of inquiry. More studies need to look at using multimedia effectively for teaching.

In the meantime, I am definitely going to be reading more about Mayer’s work.

Reference
Issa N, Schuller M, Santacaterina S, Shapiro M, Wang E, Mayer RE, Darosa DA. Applying multimedia design principles enhances learning in medical education.



Share this article





Related Posts



Latest Posts
Multimedia Design University
Multimedia Design…
Students will learn about various aspects…
Multimedia presentation Examples
Multimedia presentation…
A time-based presentation can include…
Enhanced Multimedia Keyboard solution
Enhanced Multimedia…
Der Prozess gehört zur Software oder…
Can t get multimedia messages?
Can t get multimedia…
Last updated by Isabel M If you re having…
Multimedia Design tools
Multimedia Design…
CPD Home > Programs > Multimedia…
Search
Featured posts
  • Digital Multimedia Design
  • Multimedia Design tools
  • Multimedia Design University
  • Multimedia Designer Job Description
  • What is Multimedia Designer?
  • Careers in Multimedia Design
  • Design Multimedia
  • Interactive Multimedia Design
  • Communication and Multimedia Design
Copyright © 2018 l forwardevermultimediaandcompany.org. All rights reserved.